1. Parenting Quality by Income Quintile (from the Brookings Institution)
The statistical distribution is almost a perfect correlation between parenting quality and income quintile.
2. Relative Economic (Im)mobility by Income Quintile (from the Pew Charitable Trust)
Children in the top and bottom income quintiles are most likely to be income immobile.
3. Brain Development over time (from Harvard Center on the Developing Child)
This is extraordinarily important for anyone who cares about inequality (including the President) and thriving communities. Parenting quality not only correlates with and predicts current income; it also predicts generational income immobility. The top and bottom income quintiles are remarkably “sticky” because the impact of nurture by parents and their community is so profound. Furthermore, the impact of parents is greatest in the earliest years of life because of the nature of brain development.
Consequently, if you care about inequality (and want to do something about it), you must recognize parenting as the linchpin. Once you have recognized parenting as the linchpin, you must recognize that the earliest years of life are most critical for lifelong health, learning, character formation and civic contribution. That is why early parenting matters to everyone.